authored the study, “Pedal to the Metal: how prepared are European carmakers for EV value chain transformation.” “To Decarbonize We Must Invest in the U.S. EV Battery Supply Chain.”

One of the study’s “Key recommendations” is “quicker adoption of best-in-class global standards (such as IRMA),” the only mining standard mentioned. A company’s commitment to the IRMA Standard is used as part of the study’s “Responsible supply chain practices” metric.