published the report “A Material Transition: Exploring supply and demand solutions for renewable energy minerals” examining the impacts associated with the extraction of transition minerals. They called for international solidarity with those impacted by transition minerals, advancing initiatives focused on fair and just global supply chains, and a reduction in unsustainable material consumption.

In detailing the various certification systems for the mining industry, the authors describe IRMA as “a genuinely multi-stakeholder certification scheme to develop ambitious standards that improve the social and environmental performance of industrial mining operations, including a comprehensive list of issues featuring human rights due diligence.”