released the report “Short Circuits: Exploring the broken links of mineral supply chain policies in the electric vehicle industry.”

In looking at third-party assurance, the report highlights that “only the IRMA standard is contingent on FPIC.” With respect to mining and sensitive ecosystems, the report mentions “the IRMA mining standard expands those commitments [not to mine in legally protected areas] by establishing as a requirement that mining projects should not adversely affect IUCN protected area management categories I-III, and core areas of UNESCO Biosphere reserve.